There was a problem with the flowers and grass at home. On the Internet, I found that many terms in the solution could not understand. What should I do? \"66 cases of common flowers\", refresh your basic knowledge reserve.
1. Dushing water
Desment of water is during the flower growth process, without watering or less watering to use it to water it to use it to water it to use it to water it to water to use less water to use it to water to less water to use it to water to less water to use it to water to less water. Restricting its nutrition growth, accumulating nutrients, and facilitating flower buds to form flower buds. Such as cultivating triangular plums, plums (blue peaches, chrysanthemums, jasmine, winter corals, bergamot, oranges, etc.) when the new shoots grow to about 20 cm, they start to \"deduct water\", that is, not watering for 2-3 days. The lack of water, the leaf at the top began to be wilting, and then watered a small amount, so that the leaves were restored. After repeated 2-3 times, the top of the branch was inhibited, which made the nutrients concentrate and the flower bud differentiation was promoted.
2. Return to water
Back to water refers to fertilization the next night, the water must be poured again the next morning. It can promote the absorption of the root system and avoid fertilizer. Because the fertilizer applied the night before was penetrated for one night, the concentration of the fertilizer was too large, which not only could not easily absorb the root system, but also burned seedlings. After pouring the \"return to the water\", the fertilizer in the soil is diluted, and the root system is absorbed by the root system. (It is more suitable for the following flowers: Western (Guo) Cuckoo, Clivia, Mountain Tea, Bailan, Jasmine, Zhulan, Han Xiao, etc.)
3, Blocking Water
\"Blocking Water\" is also called \" \"Half -water\" refers to the \"wet and dry\" of the pot soil, that is, the upper half of it is moist, and the second half is dry. Due to the poor drainage of the soil, the potting of the pot soil, the watering water cannot be leaked from the pot holes.
4. Hard water and soft water
Water is divided into hard water and soft water according to the condition of salt, and soft water refers to the water that water is less than 8 degrees; 8 degrees of water, high salt content. Watering should be based on soft water without salt
5. See dry and wet
For some humid flowers such as cuckoo, mountain tea, laugh, gardenia, Milan, etc. Watering according to the principle of \"seeing dry and wet\", when the surface layer of the cultivation medium is white, water it, and water it to moist. To achieve the pot soil for a long time, it should be \"moist\".
6. Dry transplantation
For pot flowers such as orchids, plums, geraniums, etc., they must be watered in accordance with the principle of \"dry watering\". It is necessary to dry the cultivation medium before watering. \"Watering\" is not to pour \"blocking water\", so that all the soil of the pot soil is soaked. If the root system is not poured, the root system will not be absorbed, and it will affect its growth.
7. Ning Gan Don not wet
For five needle pine, black pine and dry plants, watering should be watered according to the principle of \"Ning Gan Do not wet\". Watering, cut into water.
8. Soil humidity
UsuallyIt is represented by the percentage of the water content of the soil. The moisture required for flower growth is mainly absorbed from the soil, so the soil humidity is generally based on the 60-70 ｛BF｝ of the field of water.
9. The amount of water holding in the field
The field soil has the largest water holding ability. This indicator is collectively referred to as the field of water holding in the field, and its value is about 25 ｛BF｝｝ Ability limit value.
10. Air humidity
The size of the air humidity, the percentage of the relative humidity of the air is commonly used. During the day, at the highest temperature in the afternoon, the air was the smallest, the largest in the morning.
Generally, the air humidity required for flowers is about 65-70 ｛BF｝, while the plants with drought and desert climate are much lower than this. Greenhouse flowers, tropical leaf plants and tropical orchids have rooted types, as well as fern plants such as fern plants, the required air humidity is about 70-80 ｛BF｝.
11. Drought of air
Air drought: Due to air drought, a large amount of water in the flower body is steaming. At this time, the water deficiency of the soil will cause the plant's water disorders and temporarily withered, but it will not die.
12. Soil arid
Soil drought: Atmospheric drought often causes soil drought. The long -term expenditure of the soil is water, and there is no timely supplement. The water required for flowers cannot be supplied, resulting in withered death.
Due to the poor drainage of the soil and too much water, the air cannot enter the soil, which will cause plants to suffocate and die.
Cultivation of the soil ｛lj｝ AMP; medium
1. The quality of the volume medium of a direct unit volume medium. Reflecting the loose and firmness of the medium, the heavily indicates that the medium is too tight, the water transparency and the breathability are poor.
2. Total porosity
The sum of the medium holding the pores and breathable pores of the medium is already represented by the percentage of the medium volume.
3, pH value
pH value: indicator of acid and alkali. PH7 means alkaline. When the pH value exceeds 6.5, the absorption capacity of most plants on trace elements such as iron, boron will decrease, and the time will produce a dehydrated disease.
4. EC value
The indicator of the solution containing the salt concentration, which is usually represented by the Nishi Menzi (MS). Hydroponic nutrients must be a low -electric guidance nutrient solution of non -polluting. It is necessary to ensure that the plants get comprehensive and reasonable nutrients, and they can maximize the dissolved oxygen. Because at the same pressure and temperature, the dissolved oxygen level in the nutrient solution decreases as the salt content increases.
A kind of reasonThe solution is that water can neutralize the ability of acid substances (H), that is, buffer ability. There are dissolved HCO3-, CO32- and OH-total decision. Another understanding is like the lime in the water. The higher the alkali degree, the faster the pH value rises.
Different soil particles with different thicknesses occupy a different proportion in the soil, forming different soil quality.
7. The amount of water holding
The water content that the soil can maintain after the drainage is drained.
Refers to the large pores left after the gravity water was discharged, usually called ventilation pores.
9. Carbon nitrogen ratio
refers to the relative value of carbon and nitrogen in organic media. When carbon nitrogen ratio is high, most nitrogen will be absorbed by soil microorganisms.
is a ability to absorb soil absorption and preservation nutrients. It is not scrubbed by water and releases the ability to supply plant growth.
11, sand soil, sandy loam, loam soil, clay
sand soil: a soil with sand grains. The ventilation of sand and soil is water permeable, and it is suitable for germination and seedlings, but fertilizer is poor, easy to suffer from drought, and less nutrients themselves. Mainly organic fertilizer, chemical fertilizer should not be applied.
Sandy loam: a soil containing more sand and small soil. Generally, it can become spherical when wet, but the sphere is uneven, and the dry soil block is crushed. This soil soil is loose, and the ventilation is permeable. The fertilizer is mainly based on organic fertilizers, and the principle of diligence and less fertilizer should be applied.
Last loam: A kind of soil with good sand sticky content. Its characteristics are loose but not scattered, sticky and inconvenient. It is both ventilated and waterproof, water and fertilizer, and high fertilizer, which is suitable for planting various plants.
Clane: The clay content accounts for an absolute advantage, and soil with little sand content. It has high water retention and fertilizer capacity. It contains more nutrients required for plants, but the ventilation is poor, soil is large, and it is not easy to cultivate.
12. Hezha, Haisha
Hezha: The sand dug from the shallow ditch in the Danshui Lake or the mountainous area, generally not saline -alkali, can be mixed into the soil to plant flowers, flowers Or as a cutting medium.
Haisha: It was dug from the beach. Due to the rinse of the seawater, it was slightly saline. It can be rinsed with water and mixed into the soil to plant flowers.
13, acidic soil, alkaline soil
Soil acid and alkali, is a term for measuring the pH content in the soil. The pH value is less than 7 is an acidic soil, and the pH value is greater than 7 is alkaline soil.
pH value 3-4: strong acidity; pH \u200b\u200bvalue 5: acidity; pH \u200b\u200bvalue 6: weak acidity; pH \u200b\u200bvalue 7: neutral;
pH value 8: weak alkali; pH; pH; pH; pH Value 9: Alkaline; pH value 10-11:Strong alkaline.
is a kind of soil organic matter. It is a dynamic and plant residue that is completely decomposed by microorganisms. Plum. The humus itself contains a variety of nutrients, which has strong absorption, can improve soil fertilization and water preservation, and can cushion the changes in soil acid and alkali, which is conducive to microorganisms and plant growth.
15. Rotten leaf soil
refers to organic substances formed by deciduous cooked rot. Rotten leaf soil is soft, and the characteristics of good ventilation and light drainage weight are the excellent varieties of potting cultivation soil. It is generally not used directly, mixed with other soils can be good, so that the soil Peng Song is conducive to plant growth.
16. Caiyuan soil
The soil used in rural areas for vegetables (including the surface soil planted in the courtyard and green land). Suitable for various flowers cultivation.
17, peat soil
It is also called grass charcoal and peat. It is a plant that is buried underground in moss and aquatic plants. It is acidic reaction, rich in organic matter, and can improve the physical properties of the soil. The peat soil itself is not as much as the nutrients that plants absorb and use, but it contains a large amount of fiber and humic acid, which has strong ability to absorb fertilizer and water preservation.
18. Grass soil
is a soil made of weeds, rods and other objects mixed with soil manure. It contains many years of long -term nutritional ingredients to cultivate perennial plants.
19. Wooden soil
Also known as \"tree manure\". It is the product of dead branches and wood chips. The nature structure is similar to that of rotten leaf soil. It is acidic and relaxed, but it lacks nutrients. It is suitable for planting crab claw orchids and Dendrobium.
20, Mountain Mud
It is made of a long deciduous layer of the broad -leaved forest. Vegetables transmitted water, good fertilizer and water preservation. Suitable for orchids and Clivia.
21, orchid mud
It is also called Black Mountain soil, which is black and light. Suitable for planting rhododendron, mountain tea, bamboo, etc.
22, sugarcane residue
Mostly used in tropical regions, with high carbon nitrogen ratios, and must be added to meet the needs of rapid decomposition of microorganisms. It has a high amount of water holdings, decompose quickly in the container, is easy to dense, resulting in poor ventilation and drainage, and rarely use.
Pine bark and hard wood bark, which has a good physical properties and can replace peat as potted medium.
24. Wood chips
Similar properties of wood chips and bark, but it is easier to decompose and sediment, but too dense and difficult to dry.
The shavings are on the composition and woodThe dandruff is similar, but the individual is larger and can provide higher ventilation.
26. Valley shell
It has good drainage and ventilation, nor will it affect the original pH value of the mixed medium, soluble salt, and resistance to decomposition, which has high use value. However, it is necessary to cook before use to kill the pathogenic bacteria.
Caramel is a soil -free medium processed by carbonization. PH is slightly alkaline, but after several watering Nutritional ability is poor, but mixed with the equal amount of peat for seedling potting medium can achieve satisfactory results.
28. Square, vermiculite, pottery
Plastic: It is a natural aluminum silicon compound, that is, the expansion material formed by the crushed magma rocks to be more than 1000 ° C. A closed porous structure. The perlite is light, the ventilation is good, there is no nutritional element, the texture is uniform, and the texture is not decomposed.
Vacular stones are golden yellow granules, light texture, non -toxic, tasteless, sterile, non -rotten, non -burning, alkali resistance, etc., can improve the structure of the soil, keep water, keep moisturizing and improve the water content and breathable of the soil. , Turning acidic soil into a neutral soil, is the best substrate for flowers, seedlings, and cuttings, and can be used for cuttings of cactus and succulent plants.
Pottery grains are uniform particles made of clay fake. It will not be dense, with suitable water holdings and cations for replacement. Ceramics can improve ventilation in potted medium. No pathogenic bacteria, no pests, no weed seeds.
29. Water moss
Water moss, as the name suggests, is to process and manufacture the fibers of moss -like plants. Because its well -absorbent is like a sponge body, and its fiber -like physical characteristics are not easy Disclosure, so it is often used with snake wood chips to cultivate the plants to cultivate plants to make up for the disadvantages of not easy to attach and fertilization of snake chips. In addition, it is particularly suitable for fixing plants in a relatively unsuccessful place, such as many landscapes. It is often planted on the trunk. At this time, it is most appropriate to fix it with water moss and rope.
can directly or indirectly supply plant nutrients, improve the quality of flowers and trees, improve the rationalization of flowers and trees soil soil soil. Materials and fertility substances.
2. Organic fertilizer
Foods that exist in the form of organic compounds in the form of organic compounds.
3. Inorganic fertilizer
Nitrile, phosphorus, potassium and other nutritional elements contained in are inorganic compounds, most of which are produced by chemical industry.
4, alum fertilizer water
is a kind of acidic fertilizer. It is prepared by a sulfate, dried manure, cake fertilizer, and water, and is prepared by 1: 3: 5: 100. The black and green liquid becomes after fully fermented.123]
Use mixing rods, garbage, weeds, leaves, etc. into human urine. Make base fertilizer.
6. Basic fertilizer
The bottom fertilizer is fertilizer applied to soil before planting flowers and trees. The purpose is to improve soil fertility.
7. Fertilizer, fertilizer for the growth and development of flowers and trees.
8. Dorceration of the root
is the fertilization of the leaf surface. Anyone applied to the ground or sprayed on the ground for flowers and trees for plant nutrients.
Conservation Manage Turning south to the north, or from north to south.
2. Pour pouring
Generally, a period of growing flowers after the pot is transplanted into a large basin, or the flower seedlings that are used in the pelvis of the original plain sand soil. , Move it to the cultivation soil. When pouring, the original soil balls are not moved, and there is no damage to the roots and above the ground.
3. Pot change
refers to the cultivated pots that have been cultivated. In order to maintain the beautiful and long -term growth of the plant type, it is performed in combination with plastic trimming before spring sprouts.
4. Squat seedlings are to promote the deep development of the root system by properly controlling the moisture.
5. Short interception
Cut the old branches that have been bloomed and one -fourth, the purpose is to terminate the endless extension, while promoting cutting to cut cutting The axillary buds under the mouth germinate, so as to grow more side branches to increase the flower parts.
When the branches inside the plant are too dense, they should be part of them from the base. Branches and aging branches.
7. Tool, cut or remove the top buds of the branches.
8. Apply bud to remove the axillary buds on the branches.
9. Dipping/Shu Lei
In order to ensure the quality of the flowers and increase the diameter of each flower head, the number of flowers must be reduced.
10. Sparse flower
For most of the fruits and flowers, most of the flowers exceed the number of fruits. Most of them will fall off naturally, and the fruit left cannot guarantee the quality
Miao also known as sparse seedlings. For the protection of the protection ground and open field sowing, in order to ensure a sufficient seedling rate, the amount of sowing is much higher than the amount of seedlings, causing the seedlings to be crowded, and to ensure the youngThe seedlings have enough growth space and nutritional area.
12. On -demand, the seeds are broadcast on the garden at a certain line, and generally only use it to large grains.
13. Sprinkling is to broadcast the seeds evenly on the seedbed.
14. Broadcasting is to sprinkle the seeds evenly in a sowing groove at a certain line.
15. Refining seedlings
Refining seedlings are forcibly exercising the seedlings, cooling, proper water control and other measures in the case of protecting the seedlings. Adapt to the adverse environmental conditions of the open field, shorten the time to slow seedlings, and enhance the resistance to low temperature and wind.
The seedlings were performed 5-7 days before planting, and it should not be too long. The main methods of refining seedlings are: stop heating, let go of the wind and cool down, open all the air outlets of the glass greenhouse, and unveil the wind outlet of the plastic greenhouse arched shed. 2-3 days before the planting, in the absence of frost, remove all overwriting, open all the ventilation port, reduce the amount of watering, and minimize watering as much as possible without withering.
The basin of the pelvis is that the plant needs to be adapted to the new pot environment after the pot is changed.